Galapagos Islands: Diversity, Darwin, & Wallace

Galapagos Islands
Satellite Image of the Galapagos Islands by Jacques Descloitres - Earth Observatory, found on Wikimedia Commons. Licensed under Public Domain License.

Find information and resources related to The Galapagos Islands.

The Galapagos Islands are a Volcanic Island Chain in the Pacific Ocean; and a part of the Republic of Ecuador.[1]

Pronunciations:  | 

Made most famous by Charles Darwin, the islands are a home for many endemic animals and plants.[1] Endemic species are unique to a specific geographic location, and found no where else.[2]

The unique attributes and peculiar habits of the isolated life of the isles, captivates the public. From its initial discovery in 1535, by Fray Tomás de Berlanga, and onward, the world desires to explore the islands and the creatures it offers up to our curiosity.[1]

Galapagos Conservancy: Find information on their current and past projects. Also a great source for news. Check out their YouTube Channel.

Galapagos – Realm of Giant Sharks: 53min. Documentary, from 2015.

Galapagos – Smithsonian Institute: 50min. Documentary.

Galapagos – Wikimedia Commons

Galapagos Islands – Wiki Voyage

Google Street view of Galapagos Islands: Explore and share your observations with Darwin for a Day.

Preserving Lonesome George 😥

Wikipedia – List of animals in Galapagos Islands

Wikipedia – List of birds of the Galapagos Islands

Charles Darwin

Darwin and the Galapagos islands were mutually beneficial to each other. The islands offered inspiration and verification for many of Darwin’s ideals of interest. By contributing to Darwin’s works(directly and indirectly), the islands became an important fixture in natural history and biology studies.

Books by Charles Darwin: Project Gutenberg listing for Darwin.

Charles Darwin and the Tree of Life: 60 min. documentary.

Charles Darwin Foundation: Includes – Galapagos Species Checklist and Meteorological Database.

Charles Darwin’s Library: brought to you by the Biodiversity Heritage Library.

Darwin Audio Books: volunteers have created audio books of works by and about Darwin.

Darwin Correspondence Project: Letters that Darwin sent and received. Interesting insight into his research and life.

Darwin Manuscripts: brought to you by the University of Cambridge.

Darwin Manuscripts Project: brought to you by the American Museum of Natural History.

Darwin Online: Extensive information, publications, manuscripts, and more related content. Even includes Darwin’s student bills. Maybe his bills are not what you are looking for, but the rest will be helpful.

Darwin’s Struggle: The Evolution of the Origin of Species: 60 min. Documentary from 2009.

The Genius of Charles Darwin: 3 part television documentary.

Alfred Russel Wallace

Don’t know who Alfred Wallace is? No worries, sadly a lot of people don’t. However, he is very important! Wallace is considered to co-discoverer of evolution. Unfortunately thanks to his modesty, he is usually just a footnote in many Darwin books.

The only downside to Wallace – he was anti-vaccination!

This video, on, sums up his story very well – and with silly construction paper animation.

Alfred Russel WallaceLibriVox: Offers audio book versions for some.

Alfred Russel Wallace books on Project Gutenberg.

Alfred Russel Wallace books on

The Alfred Russel Wallace Correspondence Project: Letters, correspondence, and manuscripts.

The Alfred Russel Wallace Page: This site is very thorough and informative. The creator, Charles H. Smith, is very dedicated.

The Alfred Russel Wallace Website: The site has seemingly not been updated recently. However, the content already added should be useful.

Wallace Online: Writings and compilations of his specimens. Very extensive. Also, here.


Pronunciations: Forvo – “All the words in the world. Pronounced.”, under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 license.

[1] Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia  by The Wikimedia Foundation, under CC BY-SA 3.0 license. Attribution for facts and/or direct quotes.

[2] Wiktionary, the free dictionary by The Wikimedia Foundation, licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0. Attribution for terminology definitions and/or direct quotes.