Bibframe

Bibframe
Image by Jenikmichal, found on Pixabay. Licensed under CC0 1.0.

Bibframe offers an useful streamline terminology for cataloging. Properly label collections. Used and created by the Library of Congress, it is a tool to integrate into your current archives/collection systems. Could be helpful for libraries especially.

Purpose of Bibframe

  • Differentiate clearly between conceptual content and its physical/digital manifestation(s).
  • Unambiguously identify information entities (e.g., agents).
  • Leverage and expose relationships between and among entities.

Bibframe vs MARC(MAchine-Readable Cataloging)

As a bibliographic description format, the MARC format focuses on catalog records that are independently understandable.  Instead of bundling everything neatly as a “record” and potentially duplicating information across multiple records, the BIBFRAME Model relies heavily on relationships between resources (Work-to-Work relationships; Work-to-Instance relationships; Work-to-Agent relationships). Converting information and Software.

More Information

BFE – Standalone Editor for Bibframe, available on Github.

Bibframe Model, Guidelines, Examples, Notes, and Analysis(Library of Congress)

Bibliographic Framework Initiative(Library of Congress)

Usage Examples and Derivative Versions

[New] Bibframe Vocabulary Navigator: This is a navigator and a demonstration of (Commercial Company)Zepheria’s implementation/interpretation of Bibframe. Under Creative Commons.

[New] Engineer Research and Development Center Library

Bibframe Dictionary

When in use, terms are written with or without spacing. ex: “AbbreviatedTitle” or “Abbreviated Title”. When terms are used as properties, the first part can be lowercase. ex: “abbreviatedTitle”.

The Dictionary terms will all be uppercase and spaced, and labeled class/property.

Abbreviated Title: [Class] Title as abbreviated for citation, indexing, and/or identification. Subclass of Variant Title.

Absorbed Of: [Property] Resource that has been incorporated into another resource. Also called Absorbed. Used with/Expected Value – Word or Instance. Subproperty Of Preceded By. Inverse of Absorbed By.

Absorbed By: [Property] Resource that incorporates another resource. Used With/Expected Value: Work or Instance. Subproperty of Succeeded By. Inverse of Absorbed.

Access Policy: [Class] Access restrictions and allowances regarding access to a resource, e.g., lending policy, access restrictions. Subclass of Usage And Access Policy.

Accompanied By: [Property] Resource that accompanies the described resource. Used with/Expected value – Work, Instance, or Item. Subproperty of Related To.  Subproperties – Supplement; Index; Finding Aid. Inverse of Accompanies.

Accompanies: [Property] Resource that adds to or is issued with the described resource. Used with/Expected value – Work, Instance, or Item. Subproperty of Related To. Subproperties Issued With; Supplement To; Index of; Finding Aid of. Inverse of Accompanied By.

Acquisition Source: [Class] Information about an organization, person, etc., from which a resource may be obtained. Used with Acquisition Source Property.

Acquisition Source: [Property] Information about an organization, person, etc., from which a resource may be obtained. Also called Source of Acquisition. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value – Acquisition Source(class).

Acquisition Terms: [Property] Conditions under which the publisher, distributor, etc., will normally supply a resource, e.g., price of a resource. Also called Terms of Acquisition. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value – Literal.

Admin Metadata: [Class] Metadata about the metadata especially provenance information. Used with Admin Metadata Property. Properties include: Assigner; Description Conventions; Description Language; Description Process; Description Modifier; Description Authentication. Subclassed as: Description Conventions; Generation Process; Description Authentication.

Admin Metadata: [Property] Metadata about the metadata especially provenance information. Expected value – Admin Metadata(Class).

Agent: [Class] Entity having a role in a resource, such as a person or organization. Subclass of Agent. Used with(Properties): Agent, Grating Institution, Held By, Assigner, Description Modifier. Subclassed As: Family; Organization; Jurisdiction; Meeting.

Agent: [Property] Entity associated with a resource or element of description, such as the name of the entity responsible for the content or of the publication, printing, distribution, issue, release or production of a resource. Also called Associated Agent. Expected value – Agent(Class).

Ansi: [Class] American National Standards Institute identifier. Subclass of Identifier.

Applied Material: [Class] Physical or chemical substance applied to a base material of a resource. Used with Applied Material (Property).

Applied Material: [Property] Physical or chemical substance applied to a base material of a resource. Used with Instance. Expected value – Applied Material(class).

Archival Controlled: [Class] Resource organically created, accumulated, and/or used by a person, family, or organization in the course of conduct of affairs and preserved because of their continuing value. Also called Archival. Subclass of Instance.

Arrangement: [Class] See Organization of Materials information.

Arrangement: [Property] Information about the organization and arrangement of a collection of resources. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value – Arrangement(Class).

Ascension And Declination: [Property] System for identifying the location of a celestial object in the sky covered by the cartographic content of a resource using the angles of right ascension and declination. Also called Cartographic Ascension and Declination. Used with Cartographic(class). Expected Value – Literal.

Aspect Ratio: [Class] Proportional relationship between an image’s width and its height. Used with property Aspect Ratio.

Aspect Ratio: [Property] Proportional relationship between an image’s width and its height.Used with Work or Instance. Expected value – Aspect Ratio(Class).

Assigner: [Property] Entity that assigned the metadata, such as the entity that assigned a classification number, entity that assigned a name, entity that assigned an identifier. Used with Admin Metadata(Class). Expected Value – Agent(Class).

Audio: [Class] Resources expressed in an audible form, including music or other sounds. Subclass of Work.

Audio Issue Number: [Class] Number assigned by publishers of sound recordings to identify the issue designation, or serial identification, of the resource. Subclass of Identifier.

Audio Matrix Number: [Class] Library of Congress Control Number that identifies a resource description. Also called Matrix Number. Subclass of Identifier.

Audio Recording Take: [Class] Identifier assigned to the smallest identifiable unit of a recording session, e.g., a specific recording of an individual song. Also called Audio Take. Subclass of Identifier.

Awards: [Property] Information on awards associated with the described resource. Also called Award Note. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value – Literal.

Barcode: [Class] Optical machine-readable representation of data relating to the item to which it is attached. Subclass of Identifier.

Base Material: [Class] Underlying physical material of a resource. Used with property Base Material.

Base Material: [Property] Underlying physical material of a resource. Used with Instance(Class). Expected Value – Base Material(Class).

Book Format: [Class] Result of folding a printed sheet to form a gathering of leaves. Used with property Book Format.

Book Format: [Property] Result of folding a printed sheet to form a gathering of leaves. Used with Instance. Expected Value Book Format(Class).

Broadcast Standard: [Class] System used to format a video resource for television broadcast, e.g, HDTV, PAL. Subclass of Video Characteristic.

Capture of Content: [Class] Information about place and date associated with the capture(i.e., recording, filming, etc.) of the content of a resources. Also called Capture. Used with property Capture.

Capture of Content: [Property] Information about place and date associated with the capture(i.e., recording, filming, etc.) of the content of a resources. Also called Capture. Used with Work or Instance. Expected Value – Capture(Class).

Carrier Type: [Class] Categorization reflecting the format of the storage medium and housing of a carrier. Also called Carrier. Used with property Carrier.

Carrier Type: [Property] Categorization reflecting the format of the storage medium and housing of a carrier. Also called Carrier. Used with Instance. Expected Value – Carrier(Class).

Cartographic Attributes: [Property] Cartographic data that identifies characteristics of the resource, such as coordinates, projection, etc. Used with Work or Instance.  Expected value – Cartographic(Class).

Cartographic Information: [Class] Content that represents the whole or part of the earth, any celestial body, or imaginary place at any scale. Also called Cartographic. Used with property Cartographic Attributes. Properties include: Projection.

Cartographic Data Type: [Class] See Digital Cartographic Data Type.

Cartographic Object Type: [Class] see Digital Cartographic Object Type.

Cartography: [Class] Resource that shows spatial information, including maps, atlases, globes, digital, and other cartographic resources. Subclass of Work.

Change Date: [Property] Date or date and time on which the metadata was modified. Also called Description Change Date. Subproperty of Date. Used with Admin Metadata(Class). Expected Value – Literal.

Chronology: [Class] Dates associated with issues or items held. Subclass of Enumeration And Chronology.

Classification: [Property] Date or date and time on which the metadata was modified. Used with Work, Instance, or Item. Expected value – Classification(Class).

Classification Entity: [Class] System of coding and organizing materials according to their subject. Also called Classification. Used with property Classification. Subclassed as: Classification Ddc; Classification Lcc; Classification Udc; Classification Nlm.

Classification Ddc: [Class] see DDC Classification.

Classification Lcc: [Class] see LCC Classification.

Classification NLM: [Class] see NLM Classification.

Classification Portion: [Property]  Classification number (single class number or beginning number of a span) that indicates the subject by applying a formal system of coding and organizing resources. Used with Classification(Class). Expected Value – Literal.

Classification Udc: [Class] see UDC Classification.

Code: [Property] String of characters that serves as a code representing information. Expected Value – Literal.

Coden: [Class] Identifier for scientific and technical periodical titles assigned by the International CODEN Section of Chemical Abstracts Service. Subclass of Identifier.

Collection: [Class] Aggregation of resources, generally gathered together artificially.

Collective Title: [Class] Title for a compilation of resources. Subclass of Variant Title.

Color Content: [Class] Color characteristics of a resource, e.g., black and white, multicolored, etc. Used with property Color Content.

Color Content: [Property] Color characteristics of a resource, e.g., black and white, multicolored, etc. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value – Color Content(Class).

Configuration of Playback Channels: [Class] Configuration/number of sound channels used to make a recording, such as one channel for a monophonic recording, e.g., mono, stereo, quadraphonic, surround. Subclass of Sound Characteristic.

Content Type: [Class] Categorization reflecting the fundamental form of communication in which the content is expressed and the human sense through which it is intended to be perceived. Also called Content. Used with property Content.

Content Type: [Property] Categorization reflecting the fundamental form of communication in which the content is expressed and the human sense through which it is intended to be perceived. Also called Content. Used with Work. Expected Value – Content(Class).

Content Accessibility Information: [Class] Information that assists those with a sensory impairment for greater understanding of content, e.g., captions.  Also called Content Accessibility. Used with property Content Accessibility.

Content Accessibility Information: [Property] Information that assists those with a sensory impairment for greater understanding of content, e.g., captions.  Also called Content Accessibility. Used with Work or Instance. Expected Value – Content Accessibility(Class).

Continued By: [Property] Resource whose content continues an earlier resource under a new title. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Succeeded By. Inverse of Continues.

Continues: [Property] Resource that is continued by the content of a later resource under a new title. Also called Continuation of. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Preceded By. Inverse of Continued By.

Continues In Part: [Property] Resource that split into two or more separate resources with new titles. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of – Preceded By. Inverse of Split Into.

Contribution: [Class] Agent and role with respect to the resource being described. Used with property Contribution. Properties include Role.

Contribution: [Property] Agent and role with respect to the resource being described. Also called Contributor and Role. Used with Work, Instance, or Item. Expected value – Contribution(Class).

Contribution In Part By: [Property] Resource part of whose content separated from an earlier resource to form a new resource. Used with/Expected value – Work Instance.  Subproperty of Succeeded By.  Inverse of Separated From.

Coordinates: [Property] Mathematical system for identifying the area covered by the cartographic content of a resource, expressed either by means of longitude and latitude on the surface of planets or by the angles of right ascension and declination for celestial cartographic content. Used with Cartographic(Class). Expected value – Literal.

Copyright Date: [Property] Date associated with a claim of protection under copyright or a similar regime. Used with Work or Instance. Subproperty of Date. Expected value – Literal.

Copyright-legal Deposit Number: [Class] Identifier assigned to a copyright registration or legal deposit. Also called Copyright Number. Subclass of Identifier.

Copyright Registration: [Class] Copyright or Legal Deposit registration information. Used with property Copyright Registration.

Copyright Registration: [Property] Copyright or Legal Deposit registration information. Also called Copyright Registration Information. Used with Work or Instance. Expected Value – Copyright Registration(Class).

Count: [Property] Number associated with a measure of units, such as the number of units and/or subunits making up a resource. Also called Number of Units. Expected value – literal.

Cover Art: [Class] Cover illustration of a resource. Used with property Cover Art.

Cover Art: [Property] Cover illustration of a resource. Used with Work or Instance. Expected Value – Cover Art(Class).

Creation Date: [Property] Date or date and time on which the original metadata first created. Also called Description Creation Date. Subproperty of Date. Used with Admin Metadata. Expected value – literal.

Credits: [Property] Information in note form of credits for persons or organizations who have participated in the creation and/or production of the resource. Also called Credits Note. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value – Literal.

Custodial History: [Property] Information about the provenance, such as origin, ownership and custodial history (chain of custody), of a resource. Used with Work, Instance, Or Item. Expected value – literal.

Dataset: [Class] Data encoded in a defined structure. Includes numeric data, environmental data,etc., used by applications software to calculate averages, correlations, etc., or to produce models, etc., but not normally displayed in its raw form. Subclass of Work.

Data Source: [Property] Resource that is a data source to which the described resource is related. It may contain information about other files, printed sources, or collection procedures. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty Of Related To.

Date: [Property] Date designation associated with a resource or element of description, such as date of title variation; year a degree was awarded; date associated with the publication, printing, distribution, issue, release or production of a resource. May be date typed. Expected value – literal. Subproperties: Origin Date. Legal Date; Copyright Date; Change Date; Creation Date; Generation Date.

DDC Call Number: [Class] Shelf mark based on Dewey Decimal Classification. Subclass of Shelf Mark.

DDC Classification: [Class] Dewey Decimal Classification number used for subject access. Subclass of Classification.

Degree: [Property] Degree for which author was a candidate. Used with Dissertation(Class). Expected value – Literal.

Derivative Of: [Property] Degree for which author was a candidate. Also called Is Derivative Of. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Related To. Subproperties Translation Of; Original Version; Other Edition. Inverse of Has Derivative.

Derived From: [Property] Link to the metadata that was the source of the data. Also called Source Metadata. Used with Admin Metadata(Class). Expected value – literal.

Description Authentication: [Class] see Metadata Authentication.

Description Authentication: [Property] Indication of specific types of reviews that have been carried out on the description information. Used with Admin Metadata(Class). Expected value – Description Authentication(Class).

Description Conventions: [Class] Rules used for the descriptive content of the resource description. Subclass of Admin Metadata. Used with property Description Conventions.

Description Conventions: [Property] Rules used for the descriptive content of the resource description. Used with Admin Metadata. Expected value – Description Conventions.

Description Language: [Property] Language used for the metadata. Used with Admin Metadata. Expected value – Language(Class).

Description Modifier: [Property] Agency that modified a description. Used with Admin Metadata(Class). Expected value – Agent(Class).

Digital Cartographic Data Type: [Class] Data type for encoding of geospatial information in a cartographic resource, e.g., raster, vector, point. Subclass of Digital Characteristic.

Digital Cartographic Object Count: [Class] Number objects in encoded geospatial information in a cartographic resource.

Digital Cartographic Object Type: [Class] Object type for encoding of geospatial information in a cartographic resource, e.g., point, line, polygon. Subclass of Digital Characteristic.

Digital Characteristic: [Class] Technical specification relating to the digital encoding of text, image, audio, video, and other types of data in a resource. Used with property Digital Characteristic. Subclassed as: File Type; Encoding Format; File Size; Resolution; Regional Encoding; Encoded Bitrate; Cartographic Data Type; Cartographic Object Type; Object Count.

Digital Characteristic: [Property] Technical specification relating to the digital encoding of text, image, audio, video, and other types of data in a resource. Used with Instance(Class). Expected value – Digital Characteristic(Class).

Dimensions: [Property] Measurements of the carrier or carriers and /or the container of a source. Used with Instance(Class). Expected value – literal.

Dissertation Identifier: [Class] Identifier assigned to a thesis or dissertation for identification purposes. Subclass of Identifier.

Dissertation Information: [Class] Information about a work presented as part of the formal requirements for an academic degree. Used with property Dissertation. Properties include Granting Institution.

Dissertation Information: [Property] Information about a work presented as part of the formal requirements for an academic degree. Also called Dissertation. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Dissertation(Class).

Distributor: [Class] Information relating to distribution of a resource. Also called Distribution. Subclass of Provision Activity.

Doi: [Class] Digital Object Identifier. Subclass of Identifier.

Duration: [Property] Information about the playing time, running time, etc. of a resource. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value – literal.

Ean: [Class] International Article Identifier. Subclass of Identifier.

Edition: [Property] Edition of the classification scheme, such as full, abridged or a number, when a classification scheme designates editions. Also called Classification Scheme Edition. Used with Classification(Class). Expected value – literal.

Edition Enumeration: [Property] Enumeration of the edition; usually transcribed. Used with Instance. Expected value – literal.

Edition Statement: [Property] Information identifying the edition or version of the resource and associated statements of responsibility for the edition; usually transcribed. Used with Instance. Expected value – literal.

Electronic: [Class] Resource that is intended for manipulation by a computer, accessed either directly or remotely. Subclass of Instance.

Electronic Locator: [Property] Electronic location from which the resource is available. Used with Item.

Emulsion: [Class] Suspension of light-sensitive chemicals used as a costing on a microfilm, or microfiche, e.g., silver halide. Used with property Emulsion.

Emulsion: [Property] Suspension of light-sensitive chemicals used as a costing on a microfilm, or microfiche, e.g., silver halide. Used with Instance(Class). Expected value Emulsion(Class).

Encoded Bitrate: [Class] Speed at which streaming audio, video, etc., is designed to play, e.g., 32 kbps. Subclass of Digital Characteristic.

Encoding Format: [Class] Schema, standard, etc., used to encode the digital content of a resource, e.g., MP3, XML, JPEG. Subclass of Digital Characteristic.

Ensemble: [Property] Ensemble for which a musical work is appropriate. Used with Work. Expected value – Music Ensemble(Class).

Ensemble Type: [Property] Specific type of ensemble, such as orchestra, band, guitar ensemble. Used with Item. Expected value – Enumeration And Chronology(Class).

Enumeration: [Class] Numbering or other enumeration associated with issues or items held. Subclass of Enumeration And Chronology.

Enumeration and Chronology: [Class] Numbering or other enumeration and dates associated with issues or items held. Used with proper Enumeration And Chronology. Subclassed as: Enumeration; Chronology.

Equinox: [Property] One of two points of intersection of the ecliptic and the celestial equator, occupied by the sun when its declination is 0 degrees. Also called Cartographic Equinox. Used with Cartographic(Class). Expected value – literal.

Event Content: [Property] Work whose content is the described event. Subproperty of Related To. Used with Event(Class). Expected value – Work. Inverse of Event Content of.

Event Content Of: [Property] Event that is the content of the described work. Also called Has Event Content. Subproperty of Related To. Used with Work. Expected value Event(class). Inverse of Event Content.

Event Entity: [Class] Something that happens at a certain time and location, such as a performance, speech, or athletic event, that is documented by a resource. Used with property Event Content Of. Properties include Event Content.

Exclusion G Ring: [Property] Coordinate pairs that identify the closed non-intersecting boundary of the area contained within the G-polygon outer ring that is excluded. Also called Cartographic G Ring Area Excluded. Used with Cartographic(Class). Expected value – literal.

Expression Of: [Property] Work that the described Work is an expression of. For use to connect Works under FRBR/RDA rules. Subproperty of Related To. Used with Work. Expected Value – work. Inverse of Has Expression.

Extent: [Class] Number and type of units and/or subunits making up a resource. Used with property Extent.

Extent: [Property] Number and type of units and/or subunits making up a resource. Used with Instance. Expected value – Extent(Class).

Family: [Class] Two or more persons related by birth, marriage, adoption, civil union, or similar legal status, or who otherwise present themselves as a family. Subclass of Agent.

File Size: [Class] Number of bytes in a digital file, e.g., 162 KB. Subclass of Digital Characteristic.

File Type: [Class] General type of data content encoded in a computer file, e.g., text file, audio file. Subclass of Digital Characteristic.

Finding Aid: [Property] Relationship for archival, visual, and manuscript resources to a finding aid or similar control materials. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Accompanied By. Inverse of Finding Aid Of.

Finding Aid Of: [Property] Finding aid or similar control materials for archival, visual, and manuscript resources. Used with/Expected value Work or Instance. Subproperty of Accompanies. Inverse of Finding Aid.

Fingerprint Identifier: [Class] Identifier that is used to assist in the identification of antiquarian books be recording information comprising groups of characters taken from specified positions on specified pages of the book. Also called Fingerprint. Subclass of Identifier.

First Issue: [Property] Beginning date of a resource and/or the sequential designations. Also called Multipart First Issue. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value – literal.

Font Size: [Class] Size of the type used to represent that characters and symbols in a resource. Used with property Font Size.

Font Size: [Property] Size of the type used to represent that characters and symbols in a resource. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Font Size(Class).

Frequency: [Class] Information about intervals at which the parts of a serially produced resource or the updates to an integrating resource are issued. Used with property Frequency.

Frequency: [Property] Information about intervals at which the parts of a serially produced resource or the updates to an integrating resource are issued. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value – Frequency(Class).

Generation: [Class] Relationship between an original carrier and the carrier of a reproduction made from the original. Used with property Generation.

Generation: [Property] Relationship between an original carrier and the carrier of a reproduction made from the original. Used with Instance. Expected value – Generation(Class).

Generation Date: [Property] Date of conversion of the metadata from another format. Subproperty of Date. Used with Admin Metadata. Expected value – literal.

Generation Process: [Class] Indication of the program or process used to generate the description by application of a particular transformation. Subclass of Admin Metadata. Used with property Generation Process.

Generation Process: [Property] Indication of the program or process used to generate the description by application of a particular transformation. Used with Admin Metadata. Expected value – Generation Process(Class).

Genre Form: [Class] Characteristics of works with similar plots, themes, settings, etc. (e.g., westerns, thrillers), or with a particular format of purpose(e.g., animation, short), or a combination(e.g., horror film where horror is the genre and film is the form). Also called Genre/Form. Used with property Genre Form.

Genre Form: [Property] Characteristics of works with similar plots, themes, settings, etc. (e.g., westerns, thrillers), or with a particular format of purpose(e.g., animation, short), or a combination(e.g., horror film where horror is the genre and film is the form). Also called Genre/Form. Used with Work, Instance, or Item. Expected value – Genre Form(Class).

Geographic Coverage: [Class] Geographic coverage of the content of the resource. Used property Geographic Coverage.

Geographic Coverage: [Property] Geographic coverage of the content of the resource. Used with Work. Expected value Geographic Coverage(Class).

Global Trade Item Number 14: [Class] 14 digit number assigned to identify trade items as various packaging levels. GTIN-14 encompasses EAN/UCC-128 and ITF-14. Also called Gtin14number. Subclass Identifier.

Groove Characteristic: [Class] Groove width of an analog disc or the groove pitch of an analog cylinder, e.g., coarse groove, microgroove Subclass of Sound Characteristic.

Granting Institution: [Property] Name of degree granting institution. Also called Degree issuing institution. Used with Dissertation(Class). Expected value – Agent(Class).

Has Derivative: [Property] Resource that is a modification of the described work. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Related To. Subproperties Translation; Original Version Of. Inverse of Derivative Of.

Has Equivalent: [Property] Resource embodies the same content as the described resource. Also called Equivalence. Used with/Expected value – Work, Instance, or Item. Subproperty of Related To. Subproperties Other Physical Format; Has Reproduction; Reproduction Of.

Has Expression: [Property] Work that is an expression of a described Work. For use to relate Works under FRBR/RDA rules. Also called Expressed As. Subproperty of Related To. Used with/Expected value – Work. Inverse of Expression Of.

Has Instance:  [Property] Instance is related to described Work. For use to connect Works to Instances. Subproperty of Related To. Used with Work. Expected value Instance. Inverse of Instance Of.

Has Item: [Property] Item which is an example of the described Instance. Also called Has Holding. Subproperty of Related To. Used with Instance. Expected Value Item. Inverse of Item Of.

Has Part: [Property] Resource that is included either physically or logically in the described resource. Used with/Expected value – Work, Instance, or Item. Subproperty of Related To. Subproperties Series Of; Subseries of. Inverse of Part Of.

Has Reproduction: [Property] Resource that reproduces another Resource. Also called Reproduced As. Subproperty of Has Equivalent. Used with Instance. Expected value Instance. Inverse of Reproduction Of.

Has Series: [Property] Resource in which the part has been issued; the title of the larger resource appears on the part. Also called In Series. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Part Of. Inverse of Series Of.

Has Subseries: [Property] series resource that is part of another series. Also called Subseries. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Part Of. Inverse of Subseries Of.

Hdl: [Class] Unique and persistent identifier for digital objects developed by the Corporation for National Research Initiatives. Subclass of Identifier.

Held By: [Property] Entity holding the item or from which it is available. Used with Item. Expected value Agent.

Hierarchical Level: [Property] Hierarchical position of the described materials relative to other material from the same source. Also called Hierarchical Level of Material. Used with Arrangement. Expected value literal.

History of Work: [Property] Information about the history of a Work. Also called History of the Work. Used with Work. Expected value – lateral.

Identified By: [Property] Character string associated with a resource that serves to differentiate that resource from other resources, i.e., that uniquely identifies an entity. Expected value Identifier. Inverse of Identifies.

Identifier: [Class] Token or name that is associated with a resource, such as a URI or an ISBN. Used with Identified By. Properties include Identifies.  Subclassed As: Shelf Mark; Ansi; Audio Issue Number; Audio Take; Barcode; Coden; Copyright Number; Dissertation Indentifier; Doi; Ean; Fingerprint; Gtin14Number; Hdl; Isan; Isbn; Ismn; Isni; Iso; Isrc; Issn; IssnL; Istc; Iswc; LcOverseas Acq; Lccn; Local; Matrix Number; Music Distributor Number; Music Plate; Music Publisher Number; Nbn; Postal Registration; Report Number; Sici; Stock Number; Strn; Study Number; Upc; Urn; Video Recording Number.

Identifies: [Property] Resource that is associated with a character string that serves to differentiate one resource from another. Used with Identifier. Inverse of Identified By.

Illustration Content: [Class] Information about content intended to illustrate a resource. Also called Illustration. Used with property Illustrative Content.

Illustrative Content: [Property] Information about content intended to illustrate a resource. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Illustration(Class).

Immediate Acquisition: [Class] Information about the circumstances, e.g., source, date, method, under which the resource was directly acquired. Used with property Immediate Acquisition.

Immediate Acquisition: [Property] Information about the circumstances, e.g., source, date, method, under which the resource was directly acquired. Used with Item. Expected value Immediate Acquisition(Class).

Index: [Property] Resource has an accompanying index. Also called Has Index. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Accompanied By. Inverse of Index Of.

Index Of: [Property] Index that accompanies a resource. Also called Index To. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Accompanies. Inverse of Index.

Instance: [Class] Resource reflecting an individual, material embodiment of a work. Used with properties: Has Instance; Item Of; Has Reproduction; Reproduction Of. Properties include: Carrier; Provision Activity; Extent; Base Material; Emulsion; Mount; Production Method; Generation; Layout; Book Format; Font Size; Polarity; Reduction Ratio; Sound Characteristic; Projection Characteristic; Video Characteristic; Digital Characteristic; System Requirement; Instance Of; Has Item; Issued With; Other Physical Format; Has Reproduction; Reproduction Of. Subclassed as Print; Manuscript; Archival; Tactile; Electronic.

Instance Of: [Property] Work the Instance described instantiates or manifests. For use to connect Instances to Works in the BIBFRAME structure. Subproperty of Related To. Used with Instance. Expected value Work. Inverse of Has Instance.

Instrument: [Property] Instrument for which a musical Work is appropriate. Used with Work. Expected value Music Instrument.

Instrumental Type: [Property] Specific role of instrument, such as alternate, doubling, solo, ensemble. Also called Instrumental Type. Used with Music Instrument. Expected value – literal.

Intended Audience: [Property] Information that identifies the specific audience or intellectual level for which the content of the resource is considered appropriate. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Intended Audience(Class).

Intended Audience Information: [Class] Information that identifies the specific intended or target audience or intellectual level for which the content described is considered appropriate. Also used to record interest and motivation levels and special learner characteristics. Also called Intended Audience. Used with property Intended Audience.

Isan: [Class] International Standard Audiovisual Number. Subclass of Identifier.

Isbn: [Class] International Standard Book Number. Subclass of Identifier.

Ismn: [Class] International Standard Music Number. Subclass of Identifier.

Isni: [Class] International Standard Name Identifier, a unique, persistent reference number for the identities of contributors to creative works. Subclass of Identifier.

Iso: [Class] International Organization for Standardization standard number. Subclass of Identifier.

Isrc: [Class] International Standard Recording Code. Subclass of Identifier.

Issn: [Class] International Standard Serial Number. Subclass of Identifier.

IssnL: [Class] International Standard Serial Number that links together various media versions of a continuing resource. Subclass of Identifier.

Issuance: [Class] see Mode of Issuance.

Issuance: [Property] Categorization reflecting whether a resource is issued in one or more parts, the way it is updated, and its intended termination. Also called Mode of Issuance. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Issuance(Class).

Issued With: [Property] Resource that is issued on the same carrier as the resource being described. Subproperty of Accompanies. Used with Instance. Expected value Instance.

Istc: [Class] International Standard Text Code, a numbering system developed to enable the unique identification of textual works. Subclass of Identifier.

Iswc: [Class] International Standard Musical Work Code, a unique, persistent reference number for the identification of musical works. Subclass of Identifier.

Item: [Class] Single example of an Instance. Used with Has Item. Properties include: Enumeration and Chronology; Held By; Sub Location; Shelf Mark; Electronic Locator; Immediate Acquisition; Item Of.

Item Of: [Property] Instance for which the described Item is an example. Also called Holding For. Subproperty of Related To. Used with Item. Expected value – Instance. Inverse of Has Item.

Item Portion: [Property] Number attached to a classification string that indicates a particular item. Also called Classification Item Number. Used with Classification. Expected value Literal.

Jurisdiction: [Class] Legal or political unit administering a geographic area. Subclass of Agent.

Key Title: [Class] Unique title for a continuing resource that is assigned by the ISSN International Center in conjunction with an ISSN. Subclass of Variant Title.

Language: [Property] Language associated with a resource or its parts. Also called Language Information. Expected value Language(Class).

Language Entity: [Class] Language entity. Also called Language. Used with properties Language; Description Language.

Last Issue: [Property] Ending date of a resource and/or the sequential designations. Also called Multipart Last Issue. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value literal.

Layout: [Class] Arrangement of text, images, tactile notation, etc., in a resource. Used with property Layout.

Layout: [Property] Arrangement of text, images, tactile notation, etc., in a resource. Used with Instance. Expected value Layout(Class).

Lc Acquisition Program: [Class] Identification number assigned by the Library of Congress to works acquired through one of its collaborative overseas acquisition programs. Also called Lc Overseas Acq. Subclass of Identifier.

LCC Call Number: [Class] Shelf mark based on Library of Congress Classification. Subclass of Shelf Mark.

Lccn: [Class] Library of Congress Control Number that identifies a resource description. Subclass of Identifier.

Legal date: [Property] Date of legal work, or promulgation of a law, or signing of a treaty. Also called Date of Legal Work. Subproperty of Date. Used with Work. Expected value literal.

Local Identifier: [Class] Identifier established locally and not a standard number. Also called Local. Subclass of Identifier.

Main Title: [Property] Title being addressed. Possible title component. Used with Title. Expected value literal.

Manufacturer: [Class] Information relating to manufacture of a resource. Also called Manufacture. Subclass of Provision Activity.

Manuscript: [Class] Resource that is written in handwriting or typescript. These are generally unique resources. Subclass of Instance.

Metadata Authentication: [Class] Indication of specific types of reviews that have been carried out on the description information. Subclass of Admin Metadata. Used with property Description Authentication.

Matrix Number: [Class] see Audio Matrix Number.

Media Type: [Class] Categorization reflecting the general type of intermediation device required to view, play, run, etc., the content of a resource. Also called Media. Used with property Media.

Media Type: [Property] Categorization reflecting the general type of intermediation device required to view, play, run, etc., the content of a resource. Also called Media. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value – Media(Class).

Merged To Form: [Property] One of two or more resources that come together to form a new resource. Used with/Expected value Work or Instance. Subproperty of Succeeded By. Inverse of Merger Of.

Merger Of: [Property] One of two or more resources which came together to form a new resource. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Preceded By. Inverse Of Merged To Form.

Meeting: [Class] Gathering of individuals or representatives of various bodies for the purpose of discussing and/or acting on topics of common interest. Subclass of Agent.

Mixed Material: [Class] Resource comprised of multiple types which are not driven by software. This may include materials in two or more forms that are related by virtue of their having been accumulated by or about a person or body., archival finds. Subclass of Work.

Mode of Issuance: [Class] Information about whether a resource is issued in one or more parts, the way it is updated, and its intended termination. Also called Issuance. Used with property Issuance.

Mount: [Class] Physical material used for the support of backing to which the base material of a resource has been attached. Used with property Mount.

Mount: [Property] Physical material used for the support of backing to which the base material of a resource has been attached. Also called Mount Material. Used with Instance. Expected value Mount(Class).

Movement Notation Used: [Class] Information on the symbol system used to convey the content of a movement resource. Also called Movement Notation. Subclass of Notation.

Moving Image: [Class] Images intended to be perceived as moving, including motion pictures (using liveaction and/or animation), video recordings of performances, events,etc. Subclass of Work.

Multimedia: [Class] see Software of Multimedia.

Music Distributor Number: [Class] Identifier appearing on a resource assigned by a distributor to a specific audio recording, notated music publication, music-related publication, or videorecording. Subclass of Identifier.

Music Ensemble: [Class] Ensemble for which a musical work is appropriate. Used with property Ensemble.

Music Format: [Class] see Notated Music Format.

Music Format: [Property] Layout for content of a resource that is presented in the form of musical notation, such as full score, condensed score, vocal score, etc. Also called Format of Notated Music. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Music Format(Class).

Musical Instrument: [Class] Instrument for which a musical work is appropriate. Used with property Instrument.

Music Key: [Property] Pitch and mode for music. Used with Work. Expected Value literal.

Music Medium: [Property] Instrumental, vocal, and/or other medium of performance for which a musical resource was originally conceived, written or performed. Also called Music Medium of Performance. Used with Work. Expected value Music Medium(Class).

Music Medium Information: [Class] Summary statement of the medium for a musical work. Also called Music Medium. Used with property Music Medium.

Music Notation Used: [Class] Information on the symbol system used to convey the content of a music resource. Also called Music Notation. Subclass of Notation.

Music Opus Number: [Property] Numeric designation of a musical work assigned by a composer, publisher, or a musicologist. Used with Work. Expected value literal.

Music Plate Number: [Class] Identifiers assigned by a music publisher or printer to the printing plates for the notated portion of a notated music publication, or an identifier that emulates the printing plate tradition in contemporary publications. Also called Music Plate. Subclass of Identifier.

Music Publisher Number: [Class] Identifier assigned to a notated music publication other than an issue, matrix, or plate number. Subclass of Identifier.

Music Serial Number: [Property] Numeric designation for musical works consecutively numbered in music reference sources. Also called Music serial number. Used with Work. Expected value literal.

Music Thematic Number: [Property] Numeric designation for a musical work as found in a thematic index for the composer. Used with Work. Expected value literal.

Music Voice: [Class] Voice for which a musical work is appropriate. Used with property Voice.

Nature of Content: [Property] Characterization that epitomizes the primary content of a resource, e.g., field recording of birdsong; combined time series analysis and graph plotting system. Also called Content Nature. Used with Work of Instance. Expected value literal.

Nbn: [Class] National Bibliography Number that identifies a resource description. Subclass of Identifier.

NLM Call Number: [Class] Shelf mark based on National Library of Medicine Classification. Subclass of Shelf Mark.

NLM Classification: [Class] National Library of Medicine Classification number used for subject access. Subclass of Classification.

Notated Movement: [Class] Graphic, non-realized representations of movement intended to be perceived visually, e.g. dance. Subclass of Work.

Notated Music: [Class] Graphic, non-realized representations of musical works intended to be perceived visually. Subclass of Work.

Notated Music Format: [Class] Layout for content of a resource that is presented in the form of musical notation. Used with property Music Format.

Notation: [Class] Information on the alphabet, script, or symbol system used to convey the content of the resource, including specialized scripts, typefaces, tactile notation, movement notation, and musical notation. Used with property Notation. Subclassed as Script; Music Notation; Tactile Notation; Movement Notation.

Notation: [Property] Alphabet, script, or symbol system used to convey the content of the resource, including specialized scripts, typefaces, tactile notation, movement notation, and musical notation. Also called Notation System. Used with Work of Instance.

Note: [Class] Information, usually in textual form, on attributes of a resource or some aspect of a resource. Used with property Note.

Note: [Property] General textual information relating to a resource, such as Information about a specific copy of a resource or information about a particular attribute of a resource. Expected value Note(Class).

Note Type: [Property] Type of note. Used with Note(Class). Expected value literal.

Object: [Class] see Three Dimensional Object.

Object Count: [Class] See Digital Cartographic Object Count.

Organization: [Class] Corporation or group of persons and/or organizations that acts, or may act, as a unit. Subclass of Agent.

Organization: [Property] Manner in which the resource is divided into smaller units. Also called Organization of Material. Used with Arrangement. Expected value literal.

Organization of Materials information: [Class] Information about the organization and arrangement of a collection of items. For instance, for computer files, organization and arrangement information may be the file structure and sort sequence of a file; for visual materials, this information may be how a collection is arranged. Also called Arrangement. Used with property Arrangement.

Original Version: [Property] Resource is the original version of which this resource is a reproduction. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Work in Instance. Subproperty of Derivative Of. Inverse of Original Version Of.

Original Version Of: [Property] Original version of a resource. Used with/Expected value Work or Instance. Subproperty of Has Derivative. Inverse Original Version.

Origin Date: [Property] Date or date range associated with the creation of a Work. Also called Associated Title Date. Subproperty of Date. Used with Work. Expected value literal.

Origin Place: [Property] Place from which the creation of the Work originated. Also called Associated Title Place. Subproperty of Place. Used with Work. Expected value Place.

Other Edition: [Property] Resource has other available editions, for example simultaneously published language editions or reprints. Used with/Expected value Work or Instance. Subproperty of Derivative Of.

Other Physical Format: [Property] Resource that is manifested in another physical carrier. Also called Has Other Physical Format. Subproperty of Has Equivalent. Used with Instance. Expected value Instance.

Outer G Ring: [Property] Coordinate pairs that identify the closed non-intersecting boundary of the area covered. Also called Cartographic outer G Ring Area Covered. Used with Cartographic. Expected value literal.

Parallel Title: [Class] Title in another language and/or script. Subclass of Variant Title.

Part: [Property] Part of a resource to which information applies. Expected value literal.

Part Name: [Property] Part or section name of a title. Possible title component. Also called Part Title. Used with Title. Expected value literal.

Part Number: [Property] Part or section enumeration of a title. Possible title component. Used with Title. Expected value literal.

Part Of: [Property] Resource in which the described resource is physically or logically contained. Also called Is Part Of. Used with/Expected value – Work, Instance, or Item. Subproperty of Related To. Subproperties Has Series; Has Subseries. Inverse of Has Part.

Pattern: [Property] Pattern of arrangement of materials within a unit. Also called Arrangement of Material. Used with Arrangement. Expected value literal.

Person: [Class] Individual or identity established by an individual (either alone or in collaboration with one or more other individuals). Subclass of Agent.

Physical Location: [Property] Location in the holding agency where the item is shelved or stored. Also called Storing or Shelving Location. Used with Item. Expected value literal.

Place: [Class] Geographic location. Used with property Place; Origin Place.

Place: [Property] Geographic location or place entity associated with a resource or element of description, such as the place associated with the publication, printing, distribution, issue, release or production of a resource, place of an event. Expected value Place. Subproperties Origin Place.

Playback Channels: [Class] see Configuration of Playback Channels. 

Playback Characteristic: [Class] see Special Playback Characteristics.

Playing Speed: [Class] Speed at which an audio carrier must be operated to produce the sound intended, e.g., 78 rpm, 19 cm/s. Subclass of Sound Characteristic.

Polarity: [Class] Relationship of the colors and tones in an image to the colors and tones of the object reproduced. Used with property Polarity.

Polarity: [Property] Relationship of the colors and tones in an image to the colors and tones of the object reproduced. Used with Instance. Expected Value Polarity(Class).

Postal Registration Number: [Class] Number assigned to a publication for which the specified postal service permits that use of a special mailing class privilege. Also called Postal Registration. Subclass of Identifier.

Preceded By: [Property] Resource that precedes the resource being described, e.g., is earlier in time or before in narrative. Used with/Expected value Work or Instance. Subproperty of Related To. Subproperties Separated From; Replacement Of; Merger Of; Continues; Continues in Part; Absorbed. Inverse of Succeeded By.

Preferred Citation: [Property] Citation to the resource preferred by its custodian of the resource. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value literal.

Presentation Format: [Class] Format used in the production of a projected image, e.g., Cinerama, IMAX. Subclass of Projection Characteristics.

Print: [Class] Resource that is printed. Subclass of Instance.

Producer: [Class] Information relating to production of a resource. Also called Production. Subclass of Provision Activity.

Production Method: [Class] Process used to produce a resource. Used with property Production Method.

Production Method: [Property] Process used to produce a resource. Used with Instance. Expected value Production Method(Class).

Projection: [Class] Method or system used to represent the surface of the earth or of a celestial sphere on a plane. Used with property Projection.

Projection: [Property] Method or system used to represent the surface of the earth or of a celestial sphere on a plane. Used with Cartographic(Class). Expected value Projection(Class).

Projection Characteristic: [Class] Technical specification relating to the projection of a motion picture film. Used with property Projection Characteristic. Subclassed as Presentation Format; Projection Speed.

Projection Characteristic: [Property] Technical specification relating to the projection of a motion picture film. Used with Instance. Expected value Projected Characteristic(Class).

Projection Speed: [Class] Speed at which a projected carrier must be operated to produce the moving image intended, e.g., 20 fps. Subclass of Projection Characteristic.

Provision Activity: [Property] Place, name, and/or date information relating to the publication, printing, distribution, issue, release, production, etc. of a resource. Used with Instance. Expected value Provision Activity(Class).

Provision Activity Statement: [Property] Statement relating to providers of a resource; usually transcribed. Also called Provider Statement. Used Instance. Expected value literal.

Provision Entity: [Class] Place, name, and/or date information relating to the publication, printing, distribution, issue, release, or production of a resource. Also called Provision Activity. Used with property Provision Activity. Subclassed as Distribution; Manufacture; Publication; Production.

Publisher: [Class] Information relating to publication of a resource. Also called Publication. Subclass of Provision Activity.

Publisher Number: [Class] Number assigned by a publisher that is not one of the specific defined types. Also called Other Publisher Number. Subclass of Identifier.

Qualifier: [Property] Qualifier of information, such as an addition to a title to make it unique or qualifying information associated with an identifier. Expected value literal.

Recording Medium: [Class] Type of medium used to record sound on an audio carrier, e.g., magnetic, optical. Subclass of Sound Characteristic.

Recording Method: [Class] Method used to encode audio content for playback, e.g., analog, digital. Subclass of Sound Characteristic.

Reduction Ratio: [Class] Size of a micro-image in relation to the original from which it was produced. Used with Property Reduction Ratio.

Reduction Ratio: [Property] Size of a micro-image in relation to the original from which it was produced. Used with Instance. Expected value Reduction Ratio(Class).

Referenced By: [Properties] Resource that references the described resource. Used with/Expected value – Work, Instance, or Item. Subproperty of Related To. Inverse of References.

References: [Properties] Resource that is referenced by the described resource. Used with/Expected value – Work, Instance, or Item. Subproperty of Related To. Inverse of Referenced By.

Regional Encoding: [Class] Identification of the region of the world for which a videodisc has been encoded, e.g. region 4. Subclass of Digital Characteristic.

Related To: [Property] Any relationship between Work, Instance, and Item resources. Also called Related Resource. Subproperties: Has Instance; Instance Of; Has Expression; Expression Of; Item Of; Has Item; Even Content; Event Content Of; Has Equivalent; Has Part; Part Of; Accompanied By; Accompanies; Has Derivative; Derivative Of; Preceded By; Succeeded By; References; Referenced By; Data Source.

Replaced By: [Property] Later resource used in place of an earlier resource, usually because the later resource contains updated or new information. Also called Succeeded by. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Succeeded By. Inverse Of Replacement Of.

Replacement Of: [Property] Earlier resource whose content has been replaced by a later resource, usually because the later resource contains updated or new information. Also called Preceded By. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Preceded By. Inverse of Replaced By.

Report Number: [Class] Identification number of a technical report that is not a Standard Technical Report Number. Also called Technical Report Number. Subclass of Identifier.

Reproduction Of: [Property] Resource that is a reproduction of another Resource. Subproperty of Has Equivalent. Used the/Expected value – Instance. Inverse of Has Reproduction.

Resolution: [Class] Clarity of fineness of detail in a digital image, expressed by the measurement of the image in pixels, etc., e.g., 3.1 megapixels. Subclass of Digital Characteristics.

Responsibility Statement: [Property] Statement relating to any persons, families, or corporate bodies responsible for the creation of, or contributing to the content of a resource; usually transcribed. Also called Creative Responsibility Statement. Used with Instance. Expected value literal.

Retention Policy: [Class] Policy of holding institution for retaining resource. Subclass of Usage and Access Policy.

Review: [Class] Review of a resource. Used with property Review.

Review: [Property] Review of a resource. Also called Review Content. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Review(Class).

Role: [Class] Function played or provided by a contributor, e.g., author, illustrator, etc. Used with property Role.

Role: [Property] Function played or provided by a contributor, e.g., author, illustrator, etc. Also called Contributor Role. Used with Contribution. Expected value Role.

Scale: [Class] Ratio of the dimensions of a form contained or embodied in a resource to the dimensions of the entity it represents, e.g., for images or cartographic resources. Used with property Scale.

Scale: [Property] Ratio of the dimensions of a form contained or embodied in a resource to the dimensions of the entity it represents, e.g., for images or cartographic resources. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Scale(Class).

Schedule Part: [Property] Designates whether the classification number is from the standard or optional part of a schedule or table. Also called Classification Designation. Used with Classification(Class). Expected value literal.

Script used: [Class] Information on the script, or symbol system used to convey the content of a text resource. Also called Script. Subclass of Notation.

Separated From: [Property] Resource that spun off a part of its content to form a new resource. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Preceded By. Inverse of Continued In Part By.

Series Enumeration: [Property] Series enumeration of the resource; usually transcribed. Used with Instance. Expected value literal.

Series Of: [Property] Resource that is a part of a larger resource. Also called Series Container Of. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Has Part. Inverse of Has Series.

Series Statement: [Property] Statement of the series the resource is in; usually transcribed; includes the ISSN if applicable. Used with Instance. Expected value literal.

Shelf Location: [Class] Piece/item identifier, such as a call or other type of number. Subclass of Identifier. Also called Shelf Mark. Used with property Shelf Mark. Subclassed as Shelf Mark Ddc; Shelf Mark Lcc; Shelf Mark Udc; Shelf Mark Nlm.

Shelf Mark: [Property] Piece identifier, such as a call or other type of number. Used with Item. Expected value Shelf Mark.

Shelf Mark Ddc: [Class] see DDC Call Number.

Shelf Mark Lcc: [Class] see LCC Call Number.

Shelf Mark NLM: [Class] see NLM Call Number.

Shelf Mark UDC: [Class] see UDC Call Number.

Sici: [Class] Serial Item and Contribution Identifier. Subclass of Identifier.

Software of Multimedia: [Class] Electronic resource that is a computer program (i.e., digitally encoded instructions intended to be processed and performed by a computer) or which consists of multiple media types that are software driven, such as videogames. Subclass of Work.

Sound Characteristic: [Class] Technical specification relating to the encoding of sound in a resource. Used with property Sound Characteristic. Subclassed as Recording Method; Recording Medium; Playing Speed; Groove Characteristic; Track Config; Tape Config; Playback Channels; Playback Characteristic.

Sound Characteristic: [Property] Technical specification relating to the encoding of sound in a resource. Used with Instance. Expected value Sound Characteristic(Class).

Sound Content: [Class] Indication of whether the production of sound is an integral part of the resource. Used with property Sound Content.

Sound Content: [Property] Indication of whether the production of sound is an integral part of the resource. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Sound Content(Class).

Source: [Class] Resource from which value or label came or was derived. Used with property Source.

Source: [Property] Resource from which value or label came or was derived, such as the formal source/scheme from which a classification number is taken or .derived, list from which an agent name is taken or derived, source within which an identifier is unique. Expected value Source(Class).

Span End: [Property] Ending number of classification number span. Also called Classification Number Span End. Used with Classification(Class) Expected value literal.

Special Playback Characteristics: [Class] Equalization system, noise reduction system, etc., used in making an audio recording, e.g., CCIR standard, CX encoded, Dolby. Subclass of Sound Characteristic.

Split Into: [Property] One of two or more resources resulting from the division of an earlier resource into separate resources. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Succeeded By. Inverse of Continues In part.

Status: [Class] Designation of the validity or position of something, e.g., whether something is incorrect or available. Used with property Status.

Status: [Property] Designation of the validity or position of something, such as indication that the classification number is canceled or invalid, circulation availability of an item, indication of whether the identifier is canceled or invalid. Expected value Status(Class).

Still Image: [Class] Resource expressed through line, shape, shading, etc., intended to be perceived visually as a still image or images in two dimensions. Includes two-dimensional images and slides and transparencies. Subclass of Work.

Stock Number: [Class] Identification number used for stock purposes and assigned by agencies such as distributors, publishers, or vendors. Subclass of Identifier.

Strn: [Class] Standard Technical Report Number. Subclass of Identifier.

Study Number: [Class] Identification number for a computer data file. Subclass of Identifier.

Subject: [Property] Subject term(s) describing a resource. Used with Work, Instance, or Item.

Sublocation: [Class] Specific place within the holding entity where the item is located or made available. Used with property Sublocation.

Sublocation: [Property] Specific place within the holding entity where the item is located or made available. Also called Held In Sublocation. Used with Item. Expected value Sublocation(Class).

Subseries Enumeration: [Property] Subseries enumeration of the resource; usually transcribed. Used with Instance. Expected value literal.

Subseries Of: [Property] Series resource of which the described resource is a part. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Has Part. Inverse of Has Subseries.

Subseries Statement: [Property] Statement of the subseries the resource is in; usually transcribed; includes the ISSN if applicable. Used with Instance. Expected value literal.

Subtitle: [Property] Word, character, or group of words and/or characters that contains the remainder of the title after the main title. Possible title component. Used with Title. Expected value literal.

Succeeded By: [Property] Resource that succeeds the resource being described, e.g., later in time or after in a narrative. Used with/Expected value: Work or Instance. Subproperty of Related To. Subproperties: Split Into; Replaced By; Merged To Form; Absorbed By; Continued By; Continued in Part By. Inverse of Preceded By.

Summary: [Class] Description of the content of a resource, such as an abstract, summary, etc.. Used with property Summary.

Summary: [Property] Summary or abstract of the resource described. Also called Summary Content. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Summary(Class).

Supplement: [Property] Resource that updates or otherwise complements the predominant resource. Used with/Expected value Work or Instance. Subproperty of Accompanied By. Inverse of Supplement To.

Supplementary Content: [Property] Material such as an index, bibliography, appendix intended to supplement the primary content of a resource. Also called Supplementary material. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Supplementary Content(Class).

Supplementary Material: [Class] Index, bibliography, appendix, etc. intended to supplement the primary content of a resource. Also called Supplementary Content. Used with property Supplementary Content.

System Requirement: [Class] Equipment or system requirements beyond what is normal and obvious for the type of carrier or type of file, such as make and model of equipment or hardware, operating system, amount of memory, programming language, other necessary software, any plug-ins or peripherals required to play, view, or run the resource, etc. Used with property System Requirement.

System Requirement: [Property] Equipment or system requirements beyond what is normal and obvious for the type of carrier or type of file, such as make and model of equipment or hardware, operating system, amount of memory, programming language, other necessary software, any plug-ins or peripherals required to play, view, or run the resource, etc. Also called Equipment or System Requirements. Used with Instance. Expected value System Requirement(Class).

Table: [Property] Number of the table from which the classification number in a subdivision entry is taken, e.g., a DDC table. Also called Classification Table Identification. Used with Classification(Class). Expected value literal.

Table of Contents: [Class] Table of contents of a resource. Used with property Table of Contents.

Table of Contents: [Property] Table of contents of the described resource. Also called Table of Contents Content. Used with Work or Instance. Expected value Table of Contents(Class).

Table Seq: [Property] Sequence number or other identifier for an internal classification sub arrangement or add in a classification scheme. Also called Classification Table Sequence Number. Used with Classification(Class). Expected value literal.

Tactile: [Class] Resource that is intended to perceived by touch. Subclass of Instance.

Tactile Notation Used: [Class] Information on the symbol system used to convey the content of a tactile resource. Also called Tactile Notation. Subclass of Notation.

Tape Configuration: [Class] Number of tracks on an audiotape, e.g., 12 track. Also called Tape Config.

Temporal Concept: [Class] Chronological period. Also called Temporal.

Temporal Coverage: [Property] Time period coverage of the content of the resource. Used with Work. Expected value literal.

Text: [Class] Resource intended to be perceived visually and understood through the use of language in written or spoken form. Subclass of Work.

Three Dimensional Object: [Class] Resource in a form intended to be perceived visually in three-dimensions. Includes man-made objects such as models, sculptures, clothing, and toys, as well as naturally occurring objects such as specimens mounted for viewing. Subclass of Work.

Title: [Property] Name given to a resource. Also called Title Resource. Used with Work, Instance, or Item. Expected value Title.

Title Entity: [Class] Title information relating to a resource: work title, preferred title, instance title, transcribed title, translated title, variant form of title, etc. Also called Title. Used with property Title. Subclassed as Variant Title.

Topic: [Class] Concept or area of knowledge.

Track Configuration: [Class] Configuration of the audio track on a sound-track film, e.g., center track, edge track. Also called Track Config. Subclass of Sound Characteristic.

Translation: [Property] Resource that translates the text of the source entity into a language different from that of the original. Also called Translation As. Used with/Expected Work or Instance. Subproperty of Has Derivative. Inverse of Translation of.

Translation Of: [Property] Resource that has been translated, i.e., the text is expressed in a language different from that of the original resource. Used with/Expected value – Work or Instance. Subproperty of Derivative Of. Inverse of Translation.

UDC Call Number: [Class] Shelf mark based on Universal Decimal Classification. Subclass of Shelf Mark.

UDC Classification: [Class] Universal Decimal Classification number used for subject access. Subclass of Classification.

Unit: [Class] Units in which a value is expressed. Used with property Unit.

Unit: [Property] Units in which a value is expressed, such as the physical or logical constituent of a resource (e.g., a volume, audiocassette, film reel, a map, a digital file). Expected value Unit(Class).

Upc: [Class] Universal Product Code. Subclass of Identifier.

Urn: [Class] Uniform Resource Number. Subclass of Identifier.

Use and Access Conditions: [Class] General statement of allowances and restrictions on access to a resource, including retention, reproduction, access, and lending. Also called Usage And Access Policy. Used with property Usage and Access Policy. Subclassed as Access Policy; Use Policy; Retention Policy.

Usage And Access Policy: [Property] General statement of allowances and restrictions on access to a resource, including retention, reproduction, access, and lending. Also called Use and Access Condition. Used with Work, Instance, or Item. Expected value Usage And Access Policy(Class).

Use Policy: [Class] Usage limitations placed on a resource with respect to reproduction, publication, exhibition, etc.. Subclass of Usage And Access Policy.

Variant Title: [Class] Title associated with resource that is different from the work or instance title. Also called Title Variation. Subclass of Title. Subclassed as Key Title; Abbreviated Title; Parallel Title; Collective Title.

Variant Type: [Property] Type of title variation, e.g., acronym, cover, spine, earlier, later, series version. Also called Variant Title Type. Used with Variant Title(Class). Expected value literal.

Version: [Property] Term or terms that identify works such as arranged for music, vulgate for religious work, etc. Used with Work. Expected value literal.

Video Characteristic: [Class] Technical specification relating to the encoding of video images in a resource. Used with property Video Characteristic. Subclassed as Video Format; Broadcast Standard.

Video Characteristic: [Property] Technical specification relating to the encoding of video images in a resource. Used with Instance. Expected value Video Characteristic(Class).

Video Format: [Class] Standard, etc., used to encode the analog video content of a resource, e.g., Beta, 8mm. Subclass of Video Characteristic.

Video Recording Number: [Class] Number assigned by a publisher to a video recording. Subclass of Identifier.

Voice: [Property] Voice for which a musical work is appropriate, such as soprano, tenor, mixed. Used with Work. Expected value Music Voice(Class).

Voice Type: [Property] Specific type of voice group, such as chorus, solo. Used with Music Voice(Class). Expected value literal.

Work: [Class] Resource reflecting a conceptual essence of a cataloging resource. Used with properties: Instance Of; Has Expression; Expression Of; Event Content. Properties include: Content; Origin Place; Music Medium; Instrument; Ensemble; Voice; Geographic Coverage; Has Instance; Has Expression; Expression Of; Event Content Of. Subclassed As: Text; Cartography; Audio; Notated Music; Notated Movement; Dataset; Still Image; Moving Image; Object; Multimedia; Mixed Material.


Definition Attributions: “Bibframe” by Library of Congress, licensed under CC0 1.0. Material and components issued by the Library of Congress are in the Public Domain. Customary to make attribution. Bibframe FAQ.